Black Plague was one of the most fatalistic pandemics ever experienced by people. It started to spread in Europe and Asia, and slowly it reached every nook and corner of the world. Black plague is also known as the Black Death. Almost around 75-200 million people died of this plague. The epidemic started to form between 1347 and 1351.
What caused the Black Death?
In the month of October in Europe, the Black Death came as a curse in 12 ships of sailors coming from the black sea and halted at the Sicilian port of Messina. Of all the sailors on the vessel, most of them were found dead or infected with some unknown disease, which later became known as the black death. All of the sailors had black boils all over their bodies. The main spread started from here, and the slowly whole world was under this black death. The black plague was caused by the infection called Bacterium Yersinia pestis.
Symptoms of Black Death
The Black Death starts with a viral fever, then in the body, some black boils emerges. Blood and white fluids begin to come out from the bumps and swells up. With all these symptoms, the person starts vomiting, has diarrhea, a colossal pain in a different part of the body. Then slowly, the person dies.
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Many people believe the bubonic plague caused the black plague. There was a transformation of the bubonic plague to the black plague, but this may not be true. Both the epidemics share a common symptom. But the bubonic plague‘s causes is the rodents and the flies which stick to their bodies, so there is a massive difference between both of them. A bacteria causes black plague, and bubonic plague comes from an animal called rodent.
Origin of Bubonic Plague
Around 1907, there were reports by the British Plague Commission of India of many people dying, slowly spread all over the world. Later it was known as Bubonic plague, which got originated from rodents or rats like animals. Bubonic plague and black plague have similar symptoms like fever, chill, swollen lymph, and a massive pain in bodies.
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Did the black plague originate from the bubonic plague?
Many biologists of the medieval period have said the death plague has originated from the bubonic plague. Still, other biologists say that the black plague cannot arise from bubonic plague. The bubonic plague comes from rodents or the rats, and the Black Death bacteria have no relation with rats. The places where the black plague started to appear were cold places, and no rats were present to spread the bubonic plague. A vast number of population was dead due to the black plague, but the bubonic plague had only affected 2% population of India.